Issues, 2000–09

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Forgiveness: An Introduction

Leo ZaibertBlame Versus Forgiveness

John KekesAnger, Faith, and Forgiveness

Andrea Westlund

A Little Treatise on Forgiveness and Human Nature
Ingvar Johansson

The Case of Dostoevsky’s General: Some Ruminations on Forgiving the Unforgivable
Jeffrie G. Murphy

The Standing to Forgive
Glen Pettigrove

Reconciliation: Not Retribution, not Justice, Perhaps not even Forgiveness
Berel Lang


Peter M. Simons
Foreword

Michael Davis
Defining Engineering from Chicago to Shantou

Carl Mitcham
The Philosophical Inadequacy of Engineering

Billy V. Koen
The Engineering Method and its Implications for Scientific, Philosophical, and Universal Methods

Riichiro Mizoguchi and Yoshinobu Kitamura
A Functional Ontology of Artifacts

Wybo Houkes and Pieter E. Vermaas
Contemporary Engineering and the Metaphysics of Artefacts: Beyond the Artisan Model

Christian Illies and Anthonie Meijers
Artefacts Without Agency

Hans Poser
Technology and Necessity

Mariam Halos
Systems


Maurizio Ferraris and Luca Morena

Foreword

Romano Prodi
In Favour of Europe

John Laughland
European Integration: A Marxist Utopia?

Sebastiano Maffettone

The Legacy of the Enlightenment and the Exemplarity of the EU Model

Yves Hersant
Rally Round the European Flag?

Margaret Gilbert
A Real Unity of Them All

Maurizio Ferraris
Documentality, or Europe

Pascal Engel
Julien Benda’s Thoughtful Europe


Michael Moore
Introduction

Stephen Mumford
Passing Powers Around

Phil Dowe
Absences, Possible Causation, and the Problem of Non-Locality

Doug Ehring
Abstracting Away from Preemption

Chris Hitchcock
Problems for the Conserved Quantity Theory: Counterexamples, Circularity, and Redundancy

Bence Nanay
The Properties of Singular Causation

Michael Rota
An Anti-reductionist Account of Singular Causation

Jessica Wilson
Resemblance-based Resources for Reductive Singularism


Cass R. Sunstein and Richard H. Thaler
Privatizing Marriage

John Finnis
Marriage: A Basic and Exigent Good

Adèle Mercier
On the Nature of Marriage

Patrick Lee
Marriage, Procreation, and Same-Sex Unions

Adèle Mercier: Reply to Lee

Patrick Lee: Rejoinder to Mercier

Jeremy R. Garrett
History, Tradition, and the Normative Foundations of Civil Marriage

Alex Rajczi
A Populist Argument for Legalizing Same-Sex Marriage

Bryan R. Weaver and Fiona Woollard
Marriage and the Norm of Monogamy

Mary Catherine Geach
Lying with the Body

Andrea C. Westlund
The Reunion of Marriage

Brook Sadler
Re-thinking Civil Unions and Same-Sex Marriage

Gerard Bradley
What’s in a Name?


Amie L. Thomasson
Phenomenal Consciousness and the Phenomenal World

Joseph Levine
Secondary Qualities: Where Consciousness and Intentionality Meet

Colin McGinn
Consciousness as Knowingness

Adam Pautz
The Interdependence of Phenomenology and Intentionality

Katalin Farkas
Phenomenal Intentionality without Compromise

Itay Shani
Against Consciousness Chauvinism

James Tartaglia
Intentionality, Consciousness, and the Mark of the Mental: Rorty’s Challenge

Terry Horgan and Uriah Kriegel
Phenomenal Intentionality Meets the Extended Mind


Anita L. Allen
The Virtuous Spy: Privacy as an Ethical Limit

Geoffrey Brennan
The Economy of Privacy: Institutional Design in the Economy of Esteem

Leslie P. Francis
Privacy and Confidentiality: The Importance of Context

Chandran Kukathas
Cultural Privacy

Scott Anderson
Privacy without the Right to Privacy

David Matheson
A Distributive Reductionism about the Right to Privacy

Steve Matthews
Privacy, Separation and Control

David Meeler
Is Information All We Need to Protect?

Travis Dumsday
Group Privacy and Government Surveillance of Religious Services


Michael T. Ghiselin and Olaf Breidbach
The Search for the Basis of Natural Classification

Stefan Schulz and Ingvar Johansson
Continua in Biological Systems

Russ Altman
Ontological Issues in Pharmacogenomics

Ludger Jansen
Tendencies and Other Realizables in Medical Information Sciences

Neil Williams
The Factory Model of Disease

Christopher J. O. Baker, Robert H. Warren, Volker Haarslev, Greg Butler
The Ecology of Ontologies in the Public Domain


Roberto Casati and Achille C. Varzi
Foreword

Hud Hudson
Lesser Kinds Quartet

Kristie Miller
Immaterial Beings

Andrew Wake, Joshua Spencer, and Gregory Fowler
Holes as Regions of Spacetime

Antony Galton
On the Paradoxical Nature of Surfaces: Ontology at the Physics/Geometry Interface

Jérôme Dokic
Two Ontologies of Sound

Casey O’Callaghan
Echoes

István Aranyosi
Shadows of Constitution

Roy Sorensen
The Vanishing Point

Alvin I. Goldman
A Program for “Naturalizing” Metaphysics, with Application to the Ontology of Events


John Haldane
Introduction: Scottish Philosophy

Gordon Graham
The Ambition of Scottish Philosophy

Daniel Robinson
The Scottish Enlightenment and the American Founding

Paul Russell
Hume’s Lucretian Mission: Is It Self-Refuting?

Margaret Schabas
Groups Versus Individuals in Hume’s Political Economy

John Glassford
Sympathy and Spectatorship in Scottish Writing after Hume

Ryan Nichols
Natural Philosophy and its Limits in the Scottish Enlightenment

James Van Cleve
Reid’s Answer to Molyneux’s Question

Dabney Townsend
Dugald Stewart: Beauty and Taste

James Feiser
The Rise and Fall of James Beattie’s Theory of Truth

Jenny Keefe
James Ferrier and the Theory of Ignorance

Mark Weblin
John Anderson on Reid and Scottish Philosophy


John Laughland,
The Crooked Timber of Reality: Sovereignty, Jurisdiction and the Confusions Of Human Rights

April Morgan
Sovereignty’s New Story

Danilo Zolo
Contemporary Uses of the Notion of ‘Empire’

Daniel Kofman
The Normative Limits to the Dispersal of Territorial Sovereignty

David Chandler:
Potemkin Sovereignty: Statehood Without Politics in the New World Order

M. R. R. Ossewaarde
Three Rival Versions of Political Enquiry: Althusius and the Concept of Sphere Sovereignty

Siegfried van Duffel
Sovereignty as a Religious Concept


David S. Oderberg
Foreword

Stéphane Courtois
Genetics Engineering, Moral Autonomy, and Equal Treatment

Thomas May and Ryan Spellecy
Autonomy, Full Information, and Genetic Ignorance in Reproductive Medicine

Eve Garrard and Stephen Wilkinson
Choosing Disability: ‘Screening In’ and the Welfare of the Child

Anthony Wrigley
Genetic Selection and Modal Harms

Russell Blackford
Dr Frankenstein Meets Lord Devlin: Genetic Engineering and the Principle of Intangible Harm

Jacqueline A. Laing
Artificial Reproduction, Blood Relatedness, and Human Identity

Martin O’Neill
Genetic Information, Life Insurance, and Social Justice


E. J. Lowe
How Real is Substantial Change?

Antony Galton
On the Process of Coming into Existence

Lynne Rudder Baker
Everyday Concepts as a Guide to Reality

S. Matthew Liao
The Organism View Defended

Rose Koch
Conjoined Twins and the Biological Account of Personal Identity

Christopher Belshaw
My Beginnings

Eric T. Olson
The Paradox of Increase

Allan Hazlett
Disassembly and Destruction


Marc Trachtenberg
The Problem of International Order and How to Think About It

W. Julian Korab-Karpowicz
How International Relations Theorists Can Benefit by Reading Thucydides

Tom Sorell
Hobbes on Trade, Consumption and International Order

Kristen Hessler
Democratic Government and International Justice

Robert Jackson
Doctrinal War: Religion and Ideology in International Conflict

Philip Pettit,
Democracy, National and International

David Kaiser
Neither Marxist nor Whig: The Great Atlantic Crises, 1774-1962, and the Foundations of Domestic and International Order

Tomas Kapitan
Self-Determination and International Order


Hartry Field
Compositional Principles Versus Schematic Reasoning.

Robert Barnard and Terence Horgan
Truth As Mediated Correspondence

Frank Jackson
Representation, Truth, and Realism

Michael P. Lynch
Rewrighting Pluralism

Alexander Miller
Russell, Multiple Relations, and the Correspondence Theory Of Truth

Nikolaj Jang Pedersen
What Can the Problem of Mixed Inferences Teach Us about Alethic Pluralism?

Roy T. Cook
There are Non-Circular Paradoxes (But Yablo’s isn’t One of Them!)

Douglas Eden Patterson
Tarski, The Liar, and Inconsistent Languages

Nicholas J.J. Smith
Semantic Regularity and the Liar Paradox


Frank Arntzenius and John Hawthorne
Gunk and Continuous Variation

David Robb
Qualitative Unity and the Bundle Theory

John Heil
What is a Table?

E. J. Lowe
How are Ordinary Objects Possible?

M. Ayers
Ordinary Objects, Ordinary Language and Identity

R. Casati
Common Sense, Philosophical and Theoretical Notions of an Object: Some Methodological Problems

M. Heller
Anti-Essentialism and Counterpart Theory


Achille C. Varzi
Foreword

Theodore Sider
Traveling in A- and B- Time

Robin Le Poidevin
The Cheshire Cat Problem and Other Spatial Obstacles to Backwards Time Travel

Jonathan Simon
Is Time Travel a Problem for the Three-Dimensionalist?

Matthew Slater
The Necessity of Time Travel (on Pain of Indeterminacy)

Nicholas J.J. Smith
Why Would Time Travellers Try to Kill their Younger Selves?

Peter Vranas
Do Cry Over Spilt Milk: Possibly You Can Change the Past

Steven Savitt
Time Travel and Becoming

David Horacek
Time Travel in Indeterministic Worlds

Gordon Stevenson
Time Travel, Agency, and Nomic Constraint


Francisco J. Gil-White
How Conformism Creates Ethnicity Creates Conformism
(and Why This Matters to Lots of Things)

Richard H. McAdams
Conformity to Inegalitarian Conventions and Norms: The Relevance of Coordination and Esteem

Brian Skyrms
Dynamics of Conformist Bias

Patrick Colm Hogan
Dissenting Identities, or: The Radical Conformist’s Guide to Non-Conformism

Aaron Preston
Conformism in Analytic Philosophy: On Shaping Philosophical Boundaries and Prejudices


Laurence Goldstein
Introduction

Deborah Brown
What Part of ‘Know’ Don’t You Understand?

Peter B. Lewis
Schopenhauer’s Laughter

Nickolas Pappas
Morality Gags

John Lippitt
Is a Sense of Humour a Virtue?

Philip Percival
Comic Normativity and the Ethics of Humor

Oliver Conolly and Bashshar Haydar
The Good, the Bad and the Funny

Peter Cave
Humour and Paradox Laid Bare

Noël Carroll
Two Comic Plot Structures


David Braddon-Mitchell and Kristie Miller
How to be a Conventional Person

John Campbell
The First Person, Embodiment and the Certainty that One Exists

Matti Eklund
Personal Identity, Concerns, and Indeterminacy

Denis Robinson
Failing to Agree or Failing to Disagree? – Personal Identity Quasi-Relativism

Howard Robinson
Thought Experiments, Ontology and Concept-dependent Truthmakers

Carol Rovane
Alienation and the Alleged Separateness of Persons

Sydney Shoemaker
Brown and Brownson Revisited

David Wiggins
Reply to Shoemaker

Sydney Shoemaker
Reply to Wiggins

David Wiggins
Reply to Shoemaker


Classes, Worlds and Hypergunk
Daniel Nolan

Hypergunk
Allen Hazen

Chopping Up Gunk
John Hawthorne and Brian Weatherson

Grit or Gunk: Implications of the Banach-Tarski Paradox
Peter Forrest

Extended Simples: A Third Way Between Atoms and Gunk
Peter Simons

Borderline Simple or Extremely Simple?
Katherine Hawley

Simples, Stuff, and Simple People
Ned Markosian

Plurals and Simples
Gabriel Uzquiano


Being Conscious of Ourselves
David M. Rosenthal

Consciousness and Self-Consciousness
Uriah Kriegel

Knowing the Reference of the First Person Pronoun
John Campbell

Self-Consciousness and the Unity of Consciousness
Tim Bayne

Inverted First-Person Authority
Colin McGinn

Introspection, Perception, and Epistemic Privilege: Response to McGinn
Quassim Cassam

Skepticism, Deflation and the Rediscovery of the Self
Stephen L. White


Wybo Houkes and Pieter Vermaas
Actions versus Functions: A Plea for an Alternative Metaphysics of Artifacts

Richard Cameron
How to be a Realist about sui generis Teleology Yet Feel at Home in the 21st Century

Ingvar Johannson
Functions, Function Concepts, and Scales

Tim Schroeder
Functions from Regulation

Peter H. Schwartz
An Alternative to Conceptual Analysis in the Function Debate

Marc Perlman
The Modern Philosopical Resurrection Of Teleology


Noël Carroll
Art and Mood: Preliminary Notes and Conjectures

Greg Currie and Jon Jureidini
Art and delusion

Mark DeBellis
Schenkerian Analysis and the Intelligent Listener

Mark Rollins
The Mind in Pictures: Perceptual Strategies and the Interpretation of Visual Art

Dominic McIver Lopes
Pictures and the Representational Mind

Robert Hopkins
Pictures, Phenomenology and Cognitive Science

John Hyman
Subjectivism in the Theory of Pictorial Art


Deen K. Chatterjee
Moral Distance: Introduction

Jeremy Waldron
Who Is My Neighbor? – Humanity and Proximity

Wendy Hamblet
The Geography of Goodness: Proximity’s Dilemma

Soran Reader
Distance, Relationship and Moral Obligation

Richard Arneson
Consequentialism versus Special-Ties Partiality

Garrett Cullity
Asking Too Much

Jan Narveson
We Don’t Owe Them a Thing

Kok-Chor Tan
Patriotic Obligations

Catherine Wilson
A Humean Argument for Benevolence to Strangers

Nicholas Rescher
By the Standards of Their Day

Stephen M. Gardiner
The Pure Intergenerational Problem

Karen Green
Distance, Divided Responsibility and Universalizability


Neil Levy
Cultural Membership and Moral Responsibility

Bernard Weiner
A Naïve Psychologist Examines Bad Luck and the Concept of Responsibility

Susan Dwyer
Moral Development and Moral Responsibility

Raymond C. Tallis
Human Freedom as a Reality-Producing Illusion

Ishtiyaque Haji
Determinism and its Threat to the Moral Sentiments

David Zimmerman
Sour Grapes, Self-Abnegation and Character Building: Responsibility and Non-Responsibility for Self-Induced Preferences

John E. Roemer
Defending Equality of Opportunity

Ted Honderich
20 Million Years of Living Time

David Braybrooke
A Progressive Approach to Personal Responsibility for Global Beneficence


Peripatetic Perversion: a Neo-Aristotelian Account of the Nature of Sexual Perversion
Dirk Baltzley

Sexual Perversity
Jerrold Levinson

Kant and Sexual Perversion
Alan Soble

Perversion and Death
Ronald de Sousa

Christopher Williams,
Perverted Attractions Being Conscious of Ourselves


Sebastian Bauer and Heinrich Wansing
Consequence, Counterparts and Substitution

Peter Milne
Harmony, Purity, Simplicity, and a ‘Seemingly Magical Fact’

Aleksy Molczanow
Quantification and Inference

Gila Sher
Logical Consequence: An Epistemic Outline

Mark Siebel
Bolzano’s Concept of Consequence


John Cottingham
Descartes and the Voluntariness of Belief

Jennifer Church
Taking It to Heart: What Choice Do We Have?

David Owens
Epistemic Akrasia

Stephen Hetherington
Epistemic Responsibility: A Dilemma

Gordon Barnes
Resolving the Responsibilism Dilemma: A Reply to Hetherington

Mark Leon
Responsible Believers

Nishi Shah
Clearing Space for Doxastic Voluntarism

Grace Yee
Desiring to Believe

Jonathan Adler
Conundrums of Belief Self-Control

Brian Ribeiro
Epistemological Scepticism(s) and Rational Self-Control


Adam Morton
Introduction

DEFINING EVIL

Hillel Steiner
Calibrating Evil

Ernesto V. Garcia
A Kantian Theory of Evil

Stephen de Wijze
Defining Evil: Insights from the Problem of ‘Dirty Hands’

Paul Thompson
The Evolutionary Biology of Evil

EVIL CHARACTER

Daniel M. Haybron
Moral Monsters and Saints

Shaun Nichols
How Psychopaths Threaten Moral Rationalism: Is It Irrational to Be Immoral?

WHY WE NEED THE CONCEPT OF EVIL

Roy W. Perrett
Evil and Human Nature

Eve Garrard
Evil as an Explanatory Concept

APPENDIX:

Adam Morton
Review of Amélie Oksenberg Rorty, ed. The Many Faces of Evil: Historical Perspectives


Wayne Christensen and Mark Bickhard
Process Dynamics of Normative Function

John Dupre
Is ‘Natural Kind’ a Natural Kind Term?

Peter Godfrey-Smith
On the Evolution of Representational and Interpretive Capacities

Paul E. Griffiths
What is Innateness?

Joseph Laporte
Must Signals Handicap?

James Maclaurin
The Resurrection of Innateness

Sahotra Sarkar
Defining “Biodiversity”: Assessing Biodiversity

Elliot Sober
Reconstructing the Character States of Ancestors: A Likelihood Perspective on Cladistic Parsimony


Raz D. Chen Morris
Optics, Imagination and the Construction of Scientific Observation

Frank D. Horstmann
Hobbes on Hypotheses in Natural Philosophy

Sven K. Knebel
Pietro Sforza Pallavicino’s Quest for Principles of Induction

Cees van Leijenhorst
Place, Space and Matter in Calvinist Physics

Christoph Lüthy
An Aristotelian Watchdog as Avant-Garde Physicist: Julius Caesar Scaliger

Peter McLaughlin
Contraries and Counterweights: Descartes’ Statical Theory of Impact

Jean-Luc Solères
The Question of Intensive Magnitudes among some Jesuits in the Sixteenth and Seventeenth Centuries


Daniel Dennett
The Evolution of Culture

Lynd Forguson
Oxford and the “Epidemic” of Ordinary Language Philosophy

Alvin I. Goldman
Social Routes to Belief and Knowledge

Philip Kitcher
Infectious Ideas: Some Preliminary Explorations

Ruth Garrett Millikan.
Purposes and Cross-purposes: On the Evolution of Languages and Language

F. C. T. Moore
Scribes and Texts: A Test Case for Models of Cultural Transmission

Asa Kasher and Ronen Sadka
Constitutive Rule Systems and Cultural Epidemiology


Henry E. Kyburg, Jr.
Probability as a Guide to Life

Timothy McGrew
Direct Inference and the Problem of Induction

Isaac Levi
Objective Modality and Direct Inference

Wesley Salmon
Explaining Things Probabilistically

Christopher Hitchcock
Causal Generalization and Good Advice

Nancy Cartwright
What is Wrong with Bayes Nets?

Gary Malinas
Simpson’s Paradox: A Logically Benign, Empirically Treacherous Hydra

Clark Glymour
Instrumental Probability


James Bohman
Cosmopolitan Republicanism

Alain Boyer
On the Modern Relevance of Old Republicanism

Geoffrey Brennan and Alan Hamlin
Republican Liberty and Resilience

Vivienne Brown
Self-government: the master trope of republican liberty

John Ferejohn
Pettit’s Republic

Frank Lovett
Domination: A Preliminary Analysis

Gurpreet Singh Rattan
Prospects for a Contemporary Republicanism

Maurizio Viroli
The Republican Renaissance and its Limits


Martha C. Nussbaum
Four Paradigms of Philosophical Politics

Richard Flathman
The Self Against and For Itself: Montaigne and Sextus Empiricus on Freedom, Discipline and Resistance

Steven Affeldt
Society as a Way of Life: Perfectibility, Self-Transformation, and the Origination of Society in Rousseau

Richard Shusterman
Somaesthetics and Care of the Self: The Case of Foucault

Joseph Sen
On Slowness on Philosophy


Yuri Balashov
Persistence and Space-Time: Philosophical Lessons of the Pole and Barn

Berit Brogaard
Presentist Four-Dimensionalism

Kit Fine
A Counterexample to Locke’s Thesis

Mark Heller
Temporal Overlap is Not Coincidence

Robin Le Poidevin
Continuants and Continuity

Josh Parsons
Must a Four-dimentionalist Believe in Temporal Parts?

Peter Simons
How To Exist at a Time When You Have No Temporal Parts

Peter van Inwagen
Temporal Parts and Identity Across Time


Frank Arntzenius
Are There Really Instantaneous Velocities?

Jody Azzouni
Applying Mathematics: An Attempt to Design a Philosophical Problem

Robert W. Batterman
A ‘Modern’ (= Victorian?) Attitude towards Scientific Understanding

Lawrence Sklar
Topology versus Measure in Statistical Mechanics

Sheldon R. Smith
Resolving Russell’s Anti-Realism about Causation: The Connection between Causation and the Functional Dependencies of Mathematical Physics

Mark Wilson
The Unreasonable Uncooperativeness of Mathematics in the Physical Sciences


Mario Mignucci
Parts, Quantification and Aristotelian Predication

Deborah Brown
Immanence and Individuation: Brentano and the Scholastics on Knowledge of Singulars

Jan Berg
From Bolzano’s Point of View

Peter Simons
The Four Phases of Philosophy: Brentano’s Theory and Austria’s History

Erwin Tegtmeier
Meinong’s Complexes

Ingvar Johansson
Determinables as Universals

Per Lindström
Quasi-Realism in Mathematics

D. M. Armstrong
Difficult Cases in the Theory of Truthmaking

Johanna Seibt
Constitution Theory and Metaphysical Neutrality: A Lesson for Ontology?