Issues, 1980–89

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Advisory Editor: Bruce Vermazen

Rex Martin
Collingwood’s Claim that Metaphysics
Is a Historical Discipline

James Somerville
Collingwood’s Logic of Question and Answer

Lorraine Code
Collingwood’s Epistemological Individualism

Elazar Weinryb
Re-enactment in Retrospect

Ted Cohen
Reflections on One Idea of Collingwood’s Aesthetics


Advisory Editor: Henry E. Allison

Christine M. Korsgaard
Kant’s Analysis of Obligation:
The Argument of Foundations I

Onora O’Neill
Universal Laws and Ends-In-Themselves

Thomas E. Hill, Jr.
Kant’s Theory of Practical Reason

Andrews Reath
The Categorical Imperative
and Kant’s Conception of Practical Rationality

Barbara Herman
Murder and Mayhem: Violence and Kantian Casuistry

Kenneth Baynes
Kant on Property Rights and the Social Contract

Allen W. Wood
The Emptiness of the Moral Will


Advisory Editor: Henry E. Allison

Paul Guyer
The Unity of Reason: Pure Reason as Practical Reason
in Kant’s Early Concept of the Transcendental Dialectic

Manley Thompson
Unity, Plurality, and Totality as Kantian Categories

Henry E. Allison
Kant’s Refutation of Materialism

Richard Aquila
Imagination as a “Medium” in the Critique of Pure Reason

Guenther Zoeller
From Innate to A Priori: Kant’s Radical
Transformation of a Cartesian-Leibnizian Legacy

Michael Friedman
Kant on Space, the Understanding, and
the Law of Gravitation: Prolegomena §38

Eckart Förster
Kant’s Notion of Philosophy


Advisory Editor: Dallas Willard

Jaakko Hintikka
The Role of Logic in Argumentation

Gary Iseminger
The Asymmetry Thesis

Richard Warner
Why is Logic A Priori?

Barry Smith
Logic and the Sachverhalt

Gian-Carlo Rota
Fundierung as a Logical Concept

Philip L. Peterson
Logic Knowledge

Dallas Willard
Space, Color, Sense Perception
and the Epistemology of Logic


Advisory Editor: Marjorie Grene

Daniel Garber
Descartes, the Aristotelians,
and the Revolution that Did Not Happen in 1637

Frederick P. Van De Pitte
Some of Descartes’ Debts to Eustachius a Sancto Paulo

Lynn Sumida Joy
The Conflict of Mechanisms and Its Empiricist Outcome

Tom Sorell
Descartes, Hobbes and the Body of Natural Science

Dennis L. Sepper
Imagination, Phantasms, and the
Making of Hobbesian and Cartesian Science

Sara F. García-Gómez
Arnauld’s Theory of Ideative Knowledge:
A Proto-Phenomenological Account

Russell Wahl
The Arnauld-Malebranche Controversy and Descartes’ Ideas

Steven Nadler
Cartesianism and Port Royal

Richard Glauser
John Sergeant’s Argument Against Descartes
and the Way of Ideas

Charles J. McCracken
Berkeley’s Cartesian Concept of Mind:
The Return Through Malebranche and Locke to Descartes


Advisory Editor: Wallace I Matson

Renford Bambrough
Articulation and Justification

John Kekes
Some Requirements of a Theory of Rationality

Gonzalo Munevar
Evolution and Justification

Mark Bernstein
Justification and Determinism: An Exchange
I. Involutional Determinism

George Myro
Justification and Determinism: An Exchange
II. Are There Black Holes in Logic?

C.G. Prado
Imagination and Justification

Earl Conee
The Basic Nature of Epistemic Justification

Richard Feldman
Subjective and Objective Justification
in Ethics and Epistemology

Fred D’Agostino
Relativism and Reflective Equilibrium

Joseph Mendola
On Rawls’s Basic Structure: Forms of Justification
and the Subject Matter of Social Philosophy

Ben-Ami Scharfstein
On the Transparency and Opacity of Philosophers


Advisory Editor: Anita Silvers

Anita Silvers
Introduction

Noël Carroll
Art, Practice, and Narrative

Julius M. Moravcsik
Art and Its Diachronic Dimensions

S.J. Wilsmore
Paradigms and Masterpieces: Rationality in Art and Science

Richard Shusterman
Essence, History, and Narrative:
T.S. Eliot on the Definition of Poetry and Criticism

David Carrier
Gavin Hamilton’s Oath of Brutus
and David’s Oath of the Horatii:
The Revisionist Interpretation of Neo-Classical Art

Alexander Nehamas
Plato and the Mass Media

Paul Woodruff
Engaging Emotion in Theater:
A Brechtian Model in Theater History

Stan Godlovitch
Authentic Performance

Peter Kivy
On the Concept of the “Historically Authentic” Performance

Ted Cohen
What’s Special about Photography?


Advisory Editor: John Ahrens

Donald Scherer
A Disentropic Ethic

Bonnie Steinbock
Progress and the Value of Space: Two Views

Anthony J. Graybosch
The Ethics of Space-Based Ballistic Missile Defense

Laurence Thomas
Moral Behavior and Rational Creatures of the Universe

Arnold Berleant & Sarah B. Fowler
Space by Design: Aesthetic and Moral
Issues in Planning Space Communities

Anthony Weston
Radio Astronomy as Epistemology: Some
Philosophical Reflections on the Contemporary
Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence

Del Ratzsch
Space Travel and Challenges to Religion

Fredric C. Young
Labor Relations in Space:
An Essay in Extraterrestrial Business Ethics


Advisory Editor: William P. Alston

Keith Lehrer
Beyond Impressions and Ideas:
Hume vs. Reid

Nicholas Wolterstorff
Hume and Reid

James Somerville
Reid’s Conception of Common Sense

William R. Rowe
Reid’s Conception of Human Freedom

A.D. Woozley
Reid on Moral Liberty

Robert Stecker
Thomas Reid on the Moral Sense

Theodore A. Gracyk
The Failure of Thomas Reid’s Aesthetics

Joan McGregor
Reid on Justice as a Natural Virtue

Alan Wade Davenport
Reid’s Indebtedness to Bacon

Fred S. Michael & Emily Michael
Reid’s Hume: Remarks on Hume
in Some Early Logic Lectures of Reid


Advisory Editor: James Sterba

Douglas P. Lackey
The Moral Irrelevance of the
Counterforce/Countervalue Distinction

Kenneth W. Kemp
Nuclear Deterrence and the Morality of Intentions

Gregory S. Kavka
Nuclear Weapons and World Government

John W. Lango
Is It Wrong to Intend to Do
That Which It Is Wrong to Do?

Jonathan Schonsheck
Wrongful Threats, Wrongful Intentions,
and Moral Judgements about Nuclear Weapons Policies

Richard Werner
Nuclear Deterrence and the Limits of Moral Theory


Advisory Editor: Ruth Barcan Marcus

Henry E. Kyburg, Jr.
The Hobgoblin

Adolf Grünbaum
Psychoanalysis and Theism

Isaac Levi
The Demons of Decision

Ermanno Bencivenga
Theories and Practices

Richard Jeffrey
Risk and Human Rationality

Joseph Kupfer
Pragmatic Contradiction as Irrational Speech


Advisory Editor: Thomas Regan

Peter Singer
Animal Liberation or Animal Rights?

Paul W. Taylor
Inherent Value and Moral Rights

Jan Narveson
On a Case for Animal Rights

R.G. Frey
Autonomy and the Value of Animal Life

H.J. McCloskey
The Moral Case for Experimentation on Animals

Robert Elliot
Moral Autonomy, Self-Determination, and Animal Rights

James Rachels
Darwin, Species, and Morality

Stephen R.L. Clark
Animals, Ecosystems, and the Liberal Ethic


Advisory Editor: Joseph Margolis

Roderick M. Chisholm
Presence in Absence

J.N. Mohanty
Levels of Understanding ‘Intentionality’

David Carr
Cogitamus Ergo Sumus:
The Intentionality of the First-Person Plural

Izchak Miller
Husserl and Sartre on the Self

Joseph Margolis
Intentionality, Institutions, and Human Nature

Giacomo Rinaldi
Intentionality and Dialectical Reason

William S. Robinson
Ascription, Intentionality and Understanding

Dale Jacquette
Intentionality and Intensionality:
Quotation Contexts and the Modal Wedge

Richard Lind
The Priority of Attention: Intentionality for Automata

Jane Duran
Intentionality and Epistemology


Advisory Editor: Joseph Owens

Thomas M. Robinson
Heraclitus on Soul

Kevin Robb
Psyche and Logos in the Fragments of Heraclitus:
The Origins of the Concept of Soul

L.P. Gerson
Platonic Dualism

H.J. Blumenthal
Body and Soul in Philoponus

Michael Marmura
Avicenna’s “Flying Man” in Context

Kenneth L. Schmitz
Purity of Soul and Immortality

Anthony Preus
Aristotle on Healthy and Sick Souls

Aaron Ben-Zeev
Making Mental Properties More Natural

James Robb
The Unity of Adequate Knowing in St. Thomas Aquinas

Edwin McCann
Cartesian Selves and Lockean Substances

James Van Cleve
Kant’s First and Second Paralogisms


Advisory Editor: Richard M. Martin

John Bacon
The Reality of Logic

Rolf A. Eberle
Is Philosophy a Branch of Logic?

Michael Pendlebury
Facts as Truthmakers

Charles J. Kelly
Aquinas’ third Way from the
Standpoint of the Aristotelian Syllogistic

J.M. Bochenski
The Concept of the Free Society

Bowman L. Clarke
Qualia, Extension and Abstraction

Phillip L. Peterson
Real Logic in Philosophy

Robert Hanna
On the Sublimity of Logic:
A Heideggerian Analysis

Stephen Theron
Does Realism Make a Difference

Albert Menne
Logic and Reality


Advisory Editor: Richard Rorty

Samuel C. Wheeler, III
The Extension of Deconstruction

Richard Shusterman
Analytic Aesthetics, Literary Theory,
and Deconstruction

David Novitz
The Rage for Deconstruction

Alan Montefiore
Philosophy, Literature
and the Restatement of a Few Banalities

Newton Garver
Structuralism and the Challenge of Metaphor

Genevieve Lloyd
Texts, Metaphors and the
Pretensions of Philosophy

Jeffrey Stout
The Relativity of Interpretation

Suresh Raval
Philosophy and the Crisis of
Contemporary Literary Theory

Colin Falck
Saussurian Theory and the
Abolition of Reality


Advisory Editor: John E. Smith

Maurice Natanson
Illusion and Irreality: The Enlargement of Experience

Lewis S. Ford
The Ramifications of
Whitehead’s Theory of Experience

Beth J. Singer
Experience and Meaning

Joseph C. Flay
Experience, Nature, and Place

A. Mac C. Armstrong
Lessons from Experience

Austen Clark
A Physicalist Theory of Qualia

John T. Sanders
Experience, Memory and Intelligence

C.F. Delaney
Pragmatism and the Meaning of “Truth”

John E. Smith
Experience in Peirce, James and Dewey


Advisory Editor: Richard Wasserestrom

Joseph Raz
Authority, Law and Morality

David Lyons
Derivability, Defensibility,
and the Justification of Judicial Decisions

Charles Silver
Negative Positivism and the Hard Facts of Life

David O. Brink
Legal Positivism and Natural Law Reconsidered

Robert J. Yanal
Hart, Dworkin, Judges, and New Law

Russell Hardin
Sanction and Obligation


Advisory Editor: William P. Alston

Richard Feldman
Reliability and Justification

Carl Ginet
Contra Reliabilism

Richard Foley
What’s Wrong with Reliabilism?

Steven Luper-Foy
The Reliabilist Theory
of Rational Belief

Ernest Sosa
Knowledge and Intellectual Virtue

Kent Bach
A Rationale for Reliabilism

Hilary Kornblith
Ever Since Descartes

Tomis Kapitan
Reliability and Indirect Justification


Advisory Editor: William P. Alston

R.B. Brandt
The Concept of Rational Belief

Peter Forrest
An Indubitability Analysis of Knowledge

Oswald Hanfling
A Structural Account of Knowledge

William P. Alston
Concepts of Epistemic Justification

James Van Cleve
Epistemic Supervenience
And the Rule of Belief

Peter Klein
The Virtues of Inconsistency

Andrew Naylor
In Defense of a
Nontraditional Theory of Memory


Advisory Editor: Anita Silvers

Annette C. Baier
Some Thoughts on How We
Moral Philosophers Live Now

Alasdair Macintyre
Does Applied Ethics Rest on a Mistake?

Tom L. Beauchamp
On Eliminating the Distinction Between
Applied Ethics and Ethical Theory

Bernard Gert
Moral Theory and Applied Ethics

Alan Gewirth
Practical Philosophy, Civil Liberties, and Poverty

Margaret Pabst Battin
Applied Professional Ethics and Institutional
Religion: The Methodological Issues

Anthony Weston
Drawing Lines: The Abortion Perplex and the
Presuppositions of Applied Ethics

Virginia Held
Violence, Terrorism, and Moral Inquiry


Advisory Editor: Joseph Margolis

W.V. Quine
Relativism and Absolutism

R.B. Brandt
Relativism Refuted?

Joseph Margolis
Historicism, Universalism,
and the Threat of Relativism

C. Behan McCullagh
The Intelligibility of Cognitive Relativism

Mark B. Okrent
Relativism, Context, and Truth

Harvey Siegel
Goodmanian Relativism

Friedel Weinert
Contra Res Sempiternas

Michael Krausz
Relativism and Foundationalism

Philip E. Devine
Relativism

D.C. Phillips
Was William James Telling
the Truth After All?

Bruce Russell
Moral Relativism and Moral Realism

William F. Vallicella
Relativism, Truth and the Symmetry Thesis

Michael Bradie
Rationality and the Objectivity of Values


Advisory Editor: Wallace I. Matson

Arthur L. Caplan
Sociobiology as a Strategy in Science

Carla E. Kary
Sociobiology and the
Redemption of Normative Ethics

Michael Ruse
The Morality of the Gene

Mary Midgley
De-Dramatizing Darwinism

Bernard Gert
Rationality and Sociobiology

Elizabeth Wolgast
The Invisible Paw

Michael Levin
Why Homosexuality Is Abnormal


Advisory Editor: Dagfinn Føllesdal

Mary Tiles
Mathematics: The Language of Science?

Hao Wang
Wittgenstin’s and
Other Mathematical Philosophies

Richard W. Lind
Microphenomenology and Numerical Relations

Penelope Maddy
Mathematical Epistemology:
What Is the Question?

Daniel Bonevac
Mathematics and Metalogic

G. Kreisel
Frege’s Foundations and Intuitionistic Logic

Christopher Menzel
Cantor and the Burali-Forti Paradox

Hugh Lehman
Mathematical Proofs, Gaps and Postulationism

Carl J. Posy
Kant’s Mathematical Realism


Advisory Editor: None

Richard Taylor
The Basis of Political Authority

Craig L. Carr
The Problem of Political Authority

Harry Beran
What Is the Basis of Political Authority?

Tibor Machan
Individualism and Authority

Jeffrey Paul
Substantive Social Contracts

Ellen Frankel Paul
On Three “Inherent Powers of Government”

John T. Sanders
Political Authority

Robert L. Simon
Justice and the Authority of States


Advisory Editor: Monroe C. Beardsley

Charles Hartshorne
Categories and Creative Experiencing

Manley Thompson
Philosophical Approaches to Categories

Stephen Korner
Thinking, Thought, and Categories

Donald W. Sherburne
Completion of the Copernican Revolution

Robert Brandom
Heidegger’s Categories

Laurence Goldstein
Pure Categorial Principles

Robert Hanna
What Categories Are Not

Carl G. Vaught
Categories and the Real Order


Advisory Editor: Mary Mothersill

Paul Guyer
Autonomy and Integrity in Kant’s Aesthetics

Richard Kuhns
Poetic Taint

David Carrier
Interpreting Musical Performances

Thomas E. Hill, Jr.
Moral Purity and the Lesser Evil

Barbara Herman
Integrity and Impartiality

Lawrence M. Hinman
On the Purity of Our Moral Motives: A Critique
of Kant’s Account of the Emotions and Acting
for the Sake of Duty

Lorraine Code
Father and Son: A Case Study in Epistemic Responsibility

Frances Myrna
Purity in Morals

Sarah Conly
Utilitarianism and Integrity


Advisory Editor: Joseph Owens

William K. Frankena
The Ethics of Right Reason

D.S. Theron
Morality as Right Reason

J.M. Rist
An Early Dispute About Right Reason

Henry Veatch
Variations, Good and Bad, on the
Theme of Right Reason in Ethics

Vernon J. Bourke
The Synderesis Rule and Right Reason

Roger J. Sullivan
The Kantian Model of Moral-Practical Reason

D.P. Dryer
Aristotle’s Conception of Orthos Logos

Gregory S. Kavka
Right Reason and Natural Law in Hobbes’s Ethics

Stephen D. Hudson
Right Reason and Moral Gods

S.F. Sapontzis
Moral Value and Reason


Advisory Editor: Richard M. Martin

Albert Menne
Concerning the Logical Analysis of “Existence”

Nicholas J. Moutafakis
Aristotle’s “Metaphysics” (Book Lambda)
and the Logic of Events

Amihud Gilead
The Relationships Between Formal and
Transcendental-Metaphysical Logic According to Kant

Philip L. Quinn
Metaphysical Necessity and Modal Logics

Peter Forrest
Occam’s Razor and Possible Worlds

Joseph Agassi
Presuppositions for Logic

Augustin Riska
A Logical Theory of Objects

Charles Parsons
Objects and Logic

Bowman L. Clarke
Logic and Whitehead’s Criteria
for Speculative Philosophy

Richard M. Martin
On Universal Algebra
and the Whiteheadian Cosmology


Advisory Editor: None

L. Jonathan Cohen
Intuition, Induction, and the Middle Way

J.J.C. Smart
Sellars on Process

Jay F. Rosenberg
The Place of Color in the Scheme of Things:
A Roadmap to Sellars’s Carus Lectures

Gary Gutting
Scientific Realism vs. Constructive Empiricism: A Dialogue

Romane Clark
Sensibility and Understanding:
The Given of Wilfrid Sellars

Mark Pastin
Straight Freedom

Laurence Goldstein
The Adverbial Theory of Conceptual Thought

Sydney Pressman
Sellars’s Via Media


Advisory Editor: None

Max H. Fisch
The Range of Peirce’s Relevance (Part II)

E.F. Kaelin
Reflections on Peirce’s Aesthetics

Susan Haack
Descartes, Peirce and the
Cognitive Community

Risto Hilpinen
On C.S. Peirce’s Theory of the Proposition:
Peirce as a Precursor of Game-Theoretical Semantics

David Gruender
Pragmatism, Science, and Metaphysics

J. Jay Zeman
Peirce on Abstraction

Sandra B. Rosenthal
Meaning as Habit: Some Systematic
Implications of Peirce’s Pragmatism

Christian J.W. Kloesel
Bibliography of Charles Peirce, 1976 through 1980


Advisory Editor: Ruth Barcan Marcus

Jules Vuillemin
Comparative Philosophy as Applied to the
Concept of Natural Law

Paul Gochet
Five Tents of Quine

Rudolf Haller
New Light on the Vienna Circle

Paul Weingartner
On the Demarcation Between Logic and Mathematics

Jacques Bouveresse
Frege, Logic, and Inner Experience

Friedel Weinert
Tradition and Argument

Wilhelm K. Essler
Fundamentals of a Semi-Kantian
Metaphysics of Knowledge


Advisory Editor: Richard Rorty

Hans-Georg Gadamer
Heidegger und die Geschichte der Philosophie

Hans-Georg Gadamer
Heidegger and the History of Philosophy
(Translated by Karen Campbell)

Bernd Magnus
Heidegger’s Metahistory of Philosophy Revisited

David Farrell Krell
Results

David A. Kolb
Hegel and Heidegger as Critics

Mark B. Okrent
The Truth of Being and the
History of Philosophy

David A. White
On Historicism and Heidegger’s
Notion of Ontological Difference

Thomas Sheehan
On Movement and the Destruction of Ontology

Donald Algeo
Abortion, Personhood, and Moral Rights


Advisory Editor: None

R.B. Brandt
W.K. Frankena and Ethics of Virtue

Alan Donagan
W.K. Frankena and G.E. Moore’s Metaethics

Philippa Foot
William Frankena’s Carus Lectures

Paul W. Taylor
Frankena on Environmental Ethics

Kurt Baier
Defining Morality Without Prejudice

Annette Baier
Frankena and Hume on Points of View

B.J. Diggs
Morality and Self-Government

Ronald D. Milo
Moral Indifference

Robert L. Holmes
Frankena on ‘Ought’ and ‘Is’

George W. Harris
Frankena and the Utility of Practical Reason


Advisory Editor: Maurice Mandelbaum

Maurice Mandelbaum
A Note on Nineteenth-Century Philosophy Today

Patrick Gardiner
German Philosophy and the Rise of Relativism

Richard Rorty
Nineteenth-Century Idealism and
Twentieth-Century Textualism

Michael Ermarth
The Transformation of Hermeneutics: 19th Century Ancients
and 20th Century Moderns

Marjorie Grene
Changing Concepts of Darwinian Evolution

Joelle Proust
Bolzano’s Analytic Revisited

Richard Schacht
Nietzsche’s Second Thoughts About Art

J. Hillis Miller
The Disarticulation of the Self in Nietzsche


Advisory Editor: None

Wilfrid Sellars
Lecture I, The Lever of Archimedes
Lecture II, Naturalism and Process
Lecture III, Is Consciousness Physical?

Roderick Firth
A Reply

Daniel Dennett
Wondering Where the Yellow Went

Robert J. Fogelin
When I Look at a Tomato
There Is Much I Cannot See


Advisory Editor: William A. Earle

Donald Henze
The Style of Philosophy

Lee B. Brown
Philosophy, Rhetoric, and Style

Berel Lang
Towards a Poetics of Philosophical Discourse

Erich Heller
The Poet in the Age of Prose: Reflections on
Hegel’s Aesthetics and Rilke’s Duino Elegies

Peter Kivy
Melville’s Billy and the Secular
Problem of Evil: The Worm in the Bud

David Wood
Style and Strategy at the Limits of Philosophy:
Heidegger and Derrida

Lawrence M. Hinman
Philosophy and Style

Charles Griswold
Style and Philosophy: The Case of Plato’s Dialogues

Edward G. Lawry
Literature as Philosophy: The Moviegoer


Advisory Editor: John E. Smith

Max H. Fisch
The Range of Peirce’s Relevance

Charles Hartshorne
A Revision of Perice’s Categories

John Boler
Peirce, Ockham and Scholastic Realism

Jaakko Hintikka
C.S. Peirce’s “First Real Discovery”
and Its Contemporary Relevance

T.L. Short
Peirce and the Incommensurability of Theories

James F. Harris & Kevin Hoover
Abduction and the New Riddle of Induction

William J. Gavin
Peirce and “The Will to Believe”

Mihai Nadin
The Logic of Vagueness
and the Category of Synechism

Charles J. Dougherty
Peirce’s Phenomenological Defense of Deduction

Bertrand P. Helm
The Nature and Modes of Time

Karl-Otto Apel
C.S. Peirce and Post-Tarskian Truth


Advisory Editor: Richard Wasserstrom

George P. Fletcher
The Right to Life

Jeffrie G. Murphy
Blackmail: A Preliminary Inquiry

Edmund Pincoffs
Virtue, the Quality of Life, and Punishment

George Schedler
Can Retributivists Support Legan Punishment?

Lawrence Alexander
The Doomsday Machine:
Proportionality, Punishment and Prevention

Barbara Baum Levenbook
“That Makes It Worse”

James B. Brady
Punishing Attempts


Advisory Editor: None

William Frankena
Lecture I, Must Morality Have an Object?
Lecture II, Is Morality a System of Ordinary Oughts?
Lecture III, Has Morality an Independent Bottom?

Alan Gewirth
Limitations of the Moral Point of View

G.J. Warnock
Comments on Frankena’s Three Questions

Harald Ofstad
Was Paradise Better?

William K. Frankena
Reply to My Three Critics